思科RIP小实验演示
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思科RIP小实验演示
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RIP:
公有标准协议;
位于OSI 第 7 层, 套接字: UDP 520
分为 version 1 和 2
仅适用于小型网络,因为 RIP 传递只能穿越最多15个有效路由器(最多16个)
实验名称:思科RIP小实验
实验拓扑

实验需求:每个路由器的路由表都会自动装入RIP
实验思路:
1. 在每个路由器设置ip
2. 在每个路由器配置RIP
实验验证命令:
show ip protocols
show ip route
show ip route rip

配置命令:
1>en
R1#conf terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with
CNTL/Z.
R1(config)#int f0/0
R1(config-if)#no shu
R1(config-if)#ip add 192.
Dec 14 18:46:21.315: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface
FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
Dec 14 18:46:22.315: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol
on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
R1(config-if)#ip add 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#exi
R1(config)#int l 0
R1(config-if)#ip add 10.10.1.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#exi
R1(config)#router rip (启用RIP协议)
R1(config-router)#version 2 (配置当前 运行的RIP为version 2 的版本)
R1(config-router)#no auto-summary (关闭自动汇总功能)
R1(config-router)#network 192.168.12.0 (添加直连路由的路由表,把自己有的都加到RIP)
R1(config-router)#network 10.10.1.0
R1(config-router)#exi
R1(config)#

R2>en
R2#configure t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with
CNTL/Z.
R2(config)#int f0/1
R2(config-if)#no shu
R2(config-if)#ip add 192
Dec 14 18:47:34.407: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface
FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
Dec 14 18:47:35.407: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol
on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
R2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#exi
R2(config)#int l 0
R2(config-if)#ip add 10.10.2.2 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#exi
R2(config)#int f0/0
R2(config-if)#no shu
R2(config-if)#ip add 1
Dec 14 18:48:21.487: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface
FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
Dec 14 18:48:22.487: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol
on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
R2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#exi
R2(config)#router rip
R2(config-router)#version 2
R2(config-router)#no auto-summary
R2(config-router)#net
R2(config-router)#network 192.168.12.0
R2(config-router)#network 192.168.23.0
R2(config-router)#network 10.10.2.0
R2(config-router)#

R3>en
R3#configure t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with
CNTL/Z.
R3(config)#int f0/1
R3(config-if)#no shu
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168
Dec 14 18:48:38.847: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface
FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
Dec 14 18:48:39.847: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol
on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#exi
R3(config)#int l 0
R3(config-if)#ip add 10.10.3.3 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#exi
R3(config)#int f0/0
R3(config-if)#no shu
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.1
Dec 14 18:49:21.871: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface
FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
Dec 14 18:49:22.871: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol
on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.34.3 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#exi
R3(config)#router rip
R3(config-router)#version 2
R3(config-router)#no auto-summary
R3(config-router)#network 192.168.23.0
R3(config-router)#network 192.168.34.0
R3(config-router)#network 10.10.3.0

R4>en
R4#configure t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with
CNTL/Z.
R4(config)#int f0/1
R4(config-if)#no shu
R4(config-if)#ip add 192.168
Dec 14 18:49:54.863: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface
FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
Dec 14 18:49:55.863: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol
on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
R4(config-if)#ip add 192.168.34.4 255.255.255.0
R4(config-if)#exi
R4(config)#int l 0
R4(config-if)#ip add 10.10.4.4 255.255.255.0
R4(config-if)#exi
R4(config)#router rip
R4(config-router)#version 2
R4(config-router)#no auto-summary
R4(config-router)#network 192.168.34.0
R4(config-router)#network 10.10.4.0
R4(config-router)#end
R4#s
*Dec 14 18:51:04.707: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from
console by console
R4#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B

  • BGP
    D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA -
    OSPF inter area
    N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA
    external type 2
    E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external
    type 2
    i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-
    1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
    ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U -
    per-user static route
    o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

R 192.168.12.0/24 [120/2] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:14,
FastEthernet0/1
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 4 subnets
R 10.10.1.0 [120/3] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:14,
FastEthernet0/1
R 10.10.2.0 [120/2] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:14,
FastEthernet0/1
R 10.10.3.0 [120/1] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:14,
FastEthernet0/1
C 10.10.4.0 is directly connected, Loopback0
R 192.168.23.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:14,
FastEthernet0/1
C 192.168.34.0/24 is directly connected,
FastEthernet0/1
R4#show ip route rip
R 192.168.12.0/24 [120/2] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:05,
FastEthernet0/1
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 4 subnets
R 10.10.1.0 [120/3] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:05,
FastEthernet0/1
R 10.10.2.0 [120/2] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:05,
FastEthernet0/1
R 10.10.3.0 [120/1] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:05,
FastEthernet0/1
R 192.168.23.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.34.3, 00:00:05,
FastEthernet0/1
R4#show ip protocols
Routing Protocol is "rip"
Sending updates every 30 seconds, next due in 27
seconds
Invalid after 180 seconds, hold down 180, flushed
after 240
Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not
set
Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not
set
Redistributing: rip
Default version control: send version 2, receive
version 2
Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP
Key-chain
FastEthernet0/1 2 2

Loopback0             2     2                         

Automatic network summarization is not in effect
Maximum path: 4
Routing for Networks:
10.0.0.0
192.168.34.0
Routing Information Sources:
Gateway Distance Last Update
192.168.34.3 120 00:00:00
Distance: (default is 120)

R4#ping 192.168.12.1

Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.12.1, timeout
is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip
min/avg/max = 12/38/80 ms
R4#

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